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Toponymy[ edit ] There are a number of myths and legends associated with the origin of the name Delhi. He ordered the construction of a gateway to the fort and later named the fort dehali.
An allusion to the sometimes semi-arid Essay about delhi of Delhi, it idiomatically refers to situations of deprivation when one is surrounded by plenty. The earliest architectural relics date back to the Maurya period c.
Remains of eight major cities have been discovered in Delhi. The first five cities were in the southern part of present-day Delhi.
The iron pillar of Delhi is said to have been fashioned at the time of Chandragupta Vikramaditya — of the Gupta Empire. The slave general of Ghori, Qutb-ud-din Aibak was given the responsibility of governing the conquered territories of India and then Ghori returned to his capital, Ghor.
He died in AD. He had no heirs and so his generals declared themselves independent in different parts of his empire. He laid the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mamluk dynasty. It was his successor, Iltutmish —36who consolidated the Turkic conquest of northern India.
She is the first and only woman to rule over Delhi. They built several forts and townships that are part of the seven cities of Delhi. The Delhi sultanate reached its greatest extent during the reign of Muhammad bin Tughluq — In an attempt to bring the whole of the Deccan under control, he moved his capital to Daulatabad, Maharashtra in central India.
However, by moving away from Delhi he lost control of the north and was forced to return to Delhi to restore order. The southern provinces then broke away. In the years following the reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq —the Delhi Sultanate rapidly began to lose its hold over its northern provinces.
Delhi was captured and sacked by Timur in who massacredcaptives. Under the Afghan Lodi dynasty —the Delhi sultanate recovered control of the Punjab and the Gangetic plain to once again achieve domination over Northern India.
However, the recovery was short-lived and the sultanate was destroyed in by Baburfounder of the Mughal dynasty. Inthe Mughal Empire lost the huge Battle of Karnal in less than three hours against the numerically outnumbered but militarily superior Persian army led by Nader Shah of Persia.
After his invasionhe completely sacked and looted Delhicarrying away immense wealth including the Peacock Thronethe Daria-i-Noorand Koh-i-Noor.
The Mughals, severely further weakened, could never overcome this crushing defeat and humiliation which also left the way open for more invaders to come, including eventually the British. He returned to Afghanistan leaving a Mughal puppet ruler in nominal control.
The Marathas again occupied Delhi inand were in control until their defeat in at the third battle of Panipat when the city was captured again by Ahmad Shah.
The city came under the direct control of the British Government in It was made a district province of the Punjab.Sep 01, · Short Essay on 'A Visit to Delhi' ( Words) Thursday, September 1, A visit to a historical city is always an exciting experience.
It is a fascinating adventure. I had one such experience during the last summer vacations, when I visited Delhi. New Delhi is the capital of India. It is a city of great historical importance of Author: All Essay. Delhi Delhi (also known as the National Capital Territory of India) is a metropolitan region in India that includes the national capital city, New Delhi.
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Delhi is the traditional and present day capital of India. It is the third largest city of the world. It is also the second largest metropolis after Mumbai Related Articles: Paragraph on .