Who is the audience?
Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. There are a few instances when you might want to summarize an article. A great summary should include certain important elements that make the reading experience easier on the reader.
A good summary will consist of the following elements. The main idea of the article is conveyed clearly and concisely The summary is written in the unique style of the writer The summary is much shorter than the original document The summary explains all of the important notions and arguments The summary condenses a lot of information into a small space How Do You Summarize an Article?
Summarizing an article can be boiled down to three simple steps. By following these steps, you should have a thorough, clear, and concise summary in no time.
Identify the main idea or topic. Identify the important arguments. Continue reading for detailed explanations of each of these steps. Identify the Main Idea or Topic The aim of an article is to convey a certain idea or topic through the use of exposition and logic.
In a summary, you want to identify the main idea of the article and put this information into your own words. To do this, you must be willing to read the article several times.
On the first reading, try to gain a general notion of what the article is trying to say. This is most likely the thesis, or main idea, of the article.
When trying to identify the central idea, you should ask yourself, "Why was this essay written and published? Identify the place it was published, as this can help you determine the intended audience.
Determine the date of publication. Determine the type of essay. Is it expository, argumentative, literary, scholarly? Take note of the tone of the piece. Identify certain notions or arguments that seem to be repeated throughout.
We can assume the subject of the article from the title. Upon further examination, it becomes clear that the author is arguing that new research suggests the best cure for diabetes is the surgical solution of a gastric bypass. Now that we have identified the main idea of the article, we can move onto the next step.
Think of the thesis of your summary as a caption on a picture. In spite of having lost most of the season due to an injury, Jim Johnson beat his own record and won the meet, qualifying him for the state finals. Identify Important Arguments At this point in the preparation process, you should read the article again.
This time, read more carefully. Look specifically for the supporting arguments. Some tips on how to identify the important arguments of an article are listed below.
How to Identify Important Arguments in an Article Read on a paper copy or use a computer program that lets you make annotations.
Underline the topic sentence of each paragraph. If no one sentence tells the main concept, then write a summary of the main point in the margin. Write that sentence in your own words on the side of the page or on another piece of paper. When you finish the article, read all the topic sentences you marked or wrote down.
In your own words, rewrite those main ideas. Use complete sentences with good transition words. You may find you need to leave out some of the unimportant details.
Your summary should be as short and concise as possible. In short, you want to boil the article down to its main, supporting arguments.
Let everything else fall away, and what you are left with is an argument or an opinion, and the arguments that support it.How to write a one-page synopsis – For the dreaded full-page synopsis How to write a great synopsis – This one is very flexible, allowing you to create a synopsis of any length [ ] Writing Update | Mariah Klein - May 30 [ ] I don’t know how to write a synopsis, but fortunately, Susan Dennard does and explains how here.
A preface is a brief introduction (link) written by the author, as opposed to a foreword, which is an introduction written by another person that usually comes before the preface.
How to Write a Synopsis. Writing the Summary: When writing the summary there are three main requirements: 1. The summary should cover the original as a whole.
The material should be presented in a neutral fashion. The purpose of a summary is to give the reader, in a about 1/3 of the original length of an article/lecture, a clear, objective picture of the original lecture or text.
Most importantly, the summary restates only the main points of a text or a lecture without giving examples or details, such as dates, numbers or statistics.
How to Write a Summary With thanks to: Swales, John M. and Christine B. Feat. Academic Writing for Graduate Students, Essential Tasks and barnweddingvt.com Arbor: U Michigan P, Jul 04, · How to Summarize a Journal Article.
Summarizing a journal article is the process of presenting a focused overview of a completed research study that is published in a peer-reviewed, scholarly source.