How stare decisis Subverts the Law Jon Roland June 10 One of the most important doctrines in Western law is that of stare decisis, a Latin term of art which means "to stand by decided cases; to uphold precedents; to maintain former adjudications". The doctrine also tends to give great weight to the opinion in the case, even to the point of treating the opinion as though it was law, even though only the order and findings have the actual force of law, and only in that case, and an explanation of how the decision was reached is only dictum, or commentary. This means that a poorly-worded opinion can define a set of legal positions that exceed the bounds of the underlying constitutional enactments, and become the basis for future precedents, as though they were constitutional enactments themselves.
Skaters Translations created independently by people who saw this site and liked it. This page shows you real ways you can get hit and real ways to avoid them. This is a far cry from normal bicycle safety guides, which usually tell you little more than to wear your helmet and to follow the law.
But consider this for a moment: Wearing a helmet will do absolutely nothing to prevent you from getting hit by a car. Sure, helmets might help you if you get hit, but your 1 goal should be to avoid getting hit in the first place.
Plenty of cyclists are killed by cars even though they were wearing helmets.
Ironically, if they had ridden without helmets, yet followed the advice on this page, they might still be alive today. Don't fall for the myth that wearing a helmet is the first and last word in biking safety. In truth, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. It's better to not get hit.
That's what real bicycle safety is about. The next most common bike safety advice after "wear a helmet" is "follow the law," but most people are already aware that it's stupid to race through a red light when there's cross traffic.
So the "follow the law" advice isn't that helpful because it's too obvious. What you'll find here are several scenarios that maybe aren't that obvious. The other problem with the "follow the law" message is that people may think that's all they need to do.
But following the law is not enough to keep you safe, not by a long shot. The law tells you to ride as far to the right as is practicable. But if you ride too far to the right, someone exiting a parked car could open their door right in front of you, and you'll be less visible to motorists pulling out of driveways and parking lots, and motorists coming from behind may pass you way too closely in the same lane because you didn't make them change lanes.
In each of these cases you were following the law, but you made it easier for yourself to get hit. This page doesn't focus on the law, it focuses on how to not get hit by cars. Now let's see how to avoid getting hit. The Right Cross permalink This is the most common way to get hit or almost get hit.
Notice that there are actually two possible kinds of collisions here: Either you're in front of the car and the car hits you, or the car pulls out in front of you and you slam into it.
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TIP Sheet WRITING A COMPARE/CONTRAST PAPER. A compare and contrast essay examines two or more topics (objects, people, or ideas, for example), comparing their .
English Language Arts Standards» Science & Technical Subjects» Grade » 7 Print this page. Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).
Depth and Complexity adapted from The Flip Book by Sandra N.
Kaplan, Bette Gould & Victoria Siegel. Content Imperatives adapted from The Flip Book, Too by Sandra Kaplan & Bette Gould.
A deductive argument is one that, if valid, has a conclusion that is entailed by its premises. In other words, the truth of the conclusion is a logical consequence of the premises—if the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true.